A piece of academic writing without connectors may resemble a shopping list in which ideas are placed one after the other but no relation is established between those ideas, which is left to the reader’s understanding. What is more a text with no linking phrases may have a very different meaning from one with linkers.
- Adding a point
as well as, in addition to, not only … but also
- Developing a point
besides, furthermore, in addition, indeed, moreover, what’s more, on top of that, to make matters worse, in fact, as a matter of fact.
- Explaining a point
to put it another way
However, nevertheless, all the same, although, while, even though, despite the faact that,none the less, on the contrary, on the one hand, on the other hand, as opposed to, whereas, in contrast
- Explaining reasons
As a result, accordingly, thus, hence, consequently, for that reason, in turn, owing to
- Making generalizations
broadly speaking, generally speaking, on the whole, by and large, to a large/ some/ certain extent.
For a start, first of all,in the first place, for one thing, to start with
- Giving new information
incidentally, by the way,
even so, all the same, anyway, at any reate, having said that, even so, all the same, at least
- Giving a personal opinion
To be (perfectly) honest, to tell you the truth
You should ask yourself these and many other questions. Your answer will determine if one linker or other will be necessary.
You can also ask a friend to go through it for you. Using too many connectors can be as bad as not using any at all, as it can slow down the pace of the text or even make it difficult to understand.